Sevres - Unique Decorative Reticulated Plate - ca. 1751-53 year - Manufacture Royale de la porcelaine de France - 18th Century
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I would like to offer this unique decorative plate stamped Sevres (Manufacture Royale de la porcelaine de France).
According signature on the bottom it was manufacture between 1751-53 years.
History of the porcelain factory in Sèvres was started in 1740 when under the influence of his mistress - Madame Pompadour,
the French king Louis XV placed the manufactory in the mansion of Chateau de Vincennes.
Two years earlier, in 1738, he gave the Marquis Orry de Fulvy a license to produce porcelain.
At that time, the Dubois brothers, the Chantilly factory builders, together with Gravant, successfully worked on "soft porcelain."
After the Marquis's death in 1751, Louis XV took over a 25% stake in the factory and established its name in the manufacture of the Royale de la Porcelaine de France,
and in 1756 moved the manufactory to the newly built facilities in Sèvres, halfway between the Chateau de Tuileries and Chateau de Versailles.
In 1759 King Louis XV took over the royal property.
The spectacular success of the manufactory was the result of a combination of royal privileges and a monopoly on the production of polychromatic paintings (retained until 1780) on the one hand, and the excellence of materials, artistry and taste inspired by modernity on the other. Giovanni Claudio Ciambellano (Royal Goldsmith, who was the creator of most of the forms from 1748 until his death in 1774), Etienne-Maurice Falconet (sculptor, creator of figurines biscuit, or Louis-Simon Boizot (a member of the Royal Academy).
In 1769 Sèvres started production of hard porcelain from kaolin. It was made in parallel with soft porcelain, but in separate workshops, as it required another machining technique.
Sèvres's hard-wearing porcelain manufactures have produced a number of products whose natural brittleness has further increased the openwork patterns. Their example is the so-called. treillissés - porcelain vases like lace, réticulés, in which the inner part is covered by a geometric openwork net, trembleuses - small cups with convex bottom or thin groove that hold on to the saucer, pots-pourris.
Until 1778, Sèvres remained faithful to the rococo style. Most of the designs created in Sevres at the end of the 18th century were designed by Simon Louis Boizot, who manages the sculptor's atelier.
In 1800 the general manager was Alexandre Brongniart, who served for 47 years. His attention focused on new styles in the manufacture of textiles, materials and processes of calibration and casting.
During the First Empire there was a radical revival of style. The iconography was intended to support the Napoleonic period. Many architects at the time were architects: Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart (father of the director) and Charles Percier.
There were new topics in the Restaurant. Among the creators was Alexandre-Evariste Fragonard - the decorator of the manufactory, the son of a famous painter.
In the years of the Second Empire, in addition to new forms and decorations, there was a return to old topics from the early period. The sculpture also returned to grace after a period of decline. Research on new types of porcelain mass has also been initiated.
With the advent of the Third Republic, Manufaktura's activity was characterized by a clearer focus on research and training to preserve traditional craftsmanship for the next generations. Albert Carrier-Belleuse - artistic director in 1875-1887 gave impetus to the modernization of style. Auguste Rodin has been working for Manufaktura for several years looking for decorative patterns engraved under the glaze.
plate is in very good condition with signs of used,
gold is little wear,
no cracks and chips.
Measures: diameter 23.2 cm.
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